Int Immunopharmacol.2021 Jan;90:107039.doi: 10.1016/j.intimp.2020.107039.Epub 2020 Oct 28.

LPS-induced vein endothelial cell injury and acute lung injury have Btk and Orai 1 to regulate SOC-mediated calcium influx

Xiaochen Qiu  1 Xiaobo Liang  2 Hengyu Li  3 Rongju Sun  4 Affiliations

Abstract

Patients with sepsis and sepsis-related complications have a high mortality. Endothelial cell dysfunction plays a central role in sepsis pathophysiological process. In sepsis patients, endothelial cell apoptosis is associated with intracellular calcium overload. Multiple functions in the apoptotic process have been found to be regulated by calcium signaling. Our previous work had proved that LPS-induced cell injury was associated with store-operated calcium (SOC) entry mediated by stromal interaction molecule-1 (STIM 1) in Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC), but the underlying molecular mechanism has not been adequately defined. Here we report that the LPS-induced cell injury is related to the calcium overload in HUVEC. SOC entry mediated by calcium release-activated calcium modulator (Orai) 1 and transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) 1 was associated with LPS-induced calcium overload and cell apoptosis. Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (Btk)/Phospholipase C(PLC) γ/inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor (IP3R) played a major role in regulating calcium overload in LPS-induced HUVEC. Knockdown of Btk markedly inhibited the expressions of Orai 1 and its downstream molecule IP3R but not that of TRPC1 in LPS-induced HUVEC. In mice, knockdown of Btk and Orai 1 inhibited LPS-induced calcium overload, pulmonary vascular endothelial cell (VEC) injury and acute lung injury. These findings demonstrated that Btk acts as a regulator of calcium-dependent signaling, especially in the Orai 1-mediated SOC entry of the LPS-induced VEC.

Keywords: Btk; Calcium signal; LPS; Orai 1.

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