18 Additional Amino Acids of the Signal Peptide of the Bombyx mori Nucleopolyhedrovirus GP64 Activates Immunoglobulin Binding Protein (BiP) Expression by RNA-seq Analysis
GP64 is the key membrane fusion protein of Group I baculovirus, and while the Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) GP64 contains a longer n-region (18 amino acid) of the signal peptide than does the Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV), the function of the n-region has not been determined. In this study, we first showed that n-region is required for membrane protein localization in BmN cells, then the transcriptome sequencing was conducted on proteins guided by different signal peptide regions, and the results were analyzed and validated by quantitative PCR and luciferase assays. The results indicated that 1049 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified among the different region of signal peptides and the control. With the n-region, the protein export pathway was upregulated significantly, the Wnt-1 signaling pathway was downregulated, and BiP was significantly activated by the GP64 full-length signal peptide. Furthermore, RNA interference on BiP efficiently increased luciferase secretion. These results indicate that the GP64 n-region plays a key role in protein expression and regulation.