Cells . 2022 Sep 24;11(19):2976. doi: 10.3390/cells11192976.

Dexras1 Induces Dysdifferentiation of Oligodendrocytes and Myelin Injury by Inhibiting the cAMP-CREB Pathway after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Affiliations

Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 1 Friendship Road, Chongqing 400016, China.
  • 2 Laboratory of Skeletal Development and Regeneration, Institute of Life Sciences, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.
  • 3 Department of Experimental and Clinical Neuropathology, Mossakowski Medical Research Institute Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-106 Warsaw, Poland.

Free PMC article

Abstract

White matter damage (WMD), one of the research hotspots of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), mainly manifests itself as myelin injury and oligodendrocyte differentiation disorder after SAH, although the specific mechanism remains unclear. Dexamethasone-induced Ras-related protein 1(Dexras1) has been reported to be involved in nervous system damage in autoimmune encephalitis and multiple sclerosis. However, whether Dexras1 participates in dysdifferentiation of oligodendrocytes and myelin injury after SAH has yet to be examined, which is the reason for creating the research content of this article. Here, intracerebroventricular lentiviral administration was used to modulate Dexras1 levels in order to determine its functional influence on neurological injury after SAH. Immunofluorescence, transmission electron microscopy, and Western blotting methods, were used to investigate the effects of Dexras1 on demyelination, glial cell activation, and differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) after SAH. Primary rat brain neurons were treated with oxyhemoglobin to verify the association between Dexras1 and cAMP-CREB. The results showed that Dexras1 levels were significantly increased upon in vivo SAH model, accompanied by OPC differentiation disturbances and myelin injury. Dexras1 overexpression significantly worsened OPC dysdifferentiation and myelin injury after SAH. In contrast, Dexras1 knockdown ameliorated myelin injury, OPC dysdifferentiation, and glial cell activation. Further research of the underlying mechanism discovered that the cAMP-CREB pathway was inhibited after Dexras1 overexpression in the in vitro model of SAH. This study is the first to confirm that Dexras1 induced oligodendrocyte dysdifferentiation and myelin injury after SAH by inhibiting the cAMP-CREB pathway. This present research may reveal novel therapeutic targets for the amelioration of brain injury and neurological dysfunction after SAH.

Keywords: Dexras1; cAMP-CREB pathway; dysdifferentiation; myelin injury; subarachnoid hemorrhage.

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