A novel protein extracted from Hemerocallis citrina Borani inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma cell proliferation by regulating mitochondria-dependent apoptosis and aerobic glycolysis
Hemerocallis citrina Borani is a commonly consumed food in Asia and possesses many biologically active ingredients. In this study, a protein named Hemerocallis citrina Borani protein (HcBP) was purified using ammonium sulfate fractionation and anion exchange chromatography. Protease assays revealed that HcBP has peroxidase activity. Meanwhile, the UV absorption spectrum showed that HcBP contains heme. Notably, HcBP showed significant inhibitory effects on human hepatoma cancer cell proliferation. Mechanism investigations indicated that HcBP treatment resulted in overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induced mitochondria-dependent apoptosis in human hepatoma cancer cells. Furthermore, we found HcBP not only downregulated pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) activity but also decreased the expression and nuclear levels of PKM2. The inhibition of PKM2 led to the downregulation of GLUT1, LDHA and PDK, and thus caused the suppression of glycolysis. In summary, our results suggested that HcBP has potential anti-hepatocellular carcinoma activity.
Keywords: Aerobic glycolysis; Apoptosis; Hemerocallis citrina Borani; Hepatocellular carcinoma cells.