SIRT3 alleviates sepsis-induced acute lung injury by inhibiting pyroptosis via regulating the deacetylation of FoxO3a
Objective: This study mainly analyzes the mechanism of SIRT3 alleviating sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) by regulating the deacetylation of FoxO3a and inhibiting pyroptosis.
Methods: SIRT3-overexpressing and silenced BEAS-2B cells were used to evaluate the effect of SIRT3 on apoptosis in LPS-treated lung epithelial cells. FoxO3a-silenced BEAS-2B cells were also used to verify the mechanism by which SIRT3 inhibited oxidative stress and pyroptosis in vitro in ALI. 3-TYP was used to inhibit the deacetylation function of SIRT3 in vivo. Pyroptosis was assessed by detecting GSDMD-N and LDH efflux.
Results: In CLP-induced ALI mice, GSDMD-N and LDH levels were elevated, pyroptosis was induced. Silencing of SIRT3 exacerbated oxidative stress, NLRP3 activation and pyroptosis, and inhibited the deacetylation of FoxO3a. Overexpression of SIRT3 attenuated pyroptosis, induced deacetylation and restored the expression of FoxO3a and MnSOD. Silencing FoxO3a aggravated pyroptosis. Overexpression of SIRT3 restored the reduced FoxO3a expression and suppressed pyroptosis. 3-TYP blocked the promotion of FoxO3a by SIRT3 and the inhibitory effect of SIRT3 on pyroptosis.
Conclusion: The reduction of SIRT3 in sepsis caused hyperacetylation of FoxO3a, which in turn exacerbates oxidative stress and induces pyroptosis of ALI. Increasing the level of SIRT3 promotes FoxO3a through deacetylation, thereby inhibiting pyroptosis and relieving ALI.
Keywords: Acute lung injury; FoxO3a; Pyroptosis; SIRT3; Sepsis.