MYOD induced lnc-MEG3 promotes porcine satellite cell differentiation via interacting with DLST
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the process of muscle cell differentiation and play an important role. Previous studies have shown that lncRNA-MEG3 promotes the differentiation of porcine skeletal muscle satellite cells (PSCs), but the regulatory mechanism of MEG3 interaction with target protein has not been well studied. We demonstrated that MEG3 can bind dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase (DLST) by RNA pull down and RIP-qPCR. Subsequently, knockdown and overexpression experiments showed that DLST promotes PSCs differentiation. Rescue experiments showed that the expression of DLST protein was significantly increased with MEG3 overexpression and decreased with MEG3 knockdown, while its mRNA expression was not changed. Furthermore, we have successfully predicted and validated that the transcription factor myogenic differentiation (MYOD) binds to the MEG3 core promoter though utilizing chromatin immunoprecipitation (CHIP) and luciferase reporter assays. The results indicated that MYOD acts as a transcription factor of MEG3 to promote MEG3 transcription. Knockdown of MEG3 in vivo indicated that MEG3 is involved in skeletal muscle regeneration. It is concluded that MYOD acts as a transcription factor to induce MEG3 expression. MEG3 acts as a molecular scaffold to bind and promote DLST protein expression. This paper provides a new molecular mechanism for MEG3 to promote the differentiation of PSCs.
Keywords: DLST; MEG3; MYOD; PSCs; differentiation.