Apoptosis. 2010 Apr;15(4):488-98. doi: 10.1007/s10495-009-0439-2.

A PKC-beta inhibitor protects against cardiac microvascular ischemia reperfusion injury in diabetic rats.

Wei L1, Sun D, Yin Z, Yuan Y, Hwang A, Zhang Y, Si R, Zhang R, Guo W, Cao F, Wang H.

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1Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China.


PKC-beta inhibitor Ruboxistaurin (RBX or LY333531) can be used to reverse diabetic microvascular complication. However, it has not been previously established whether RBX can protect against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury of cardiac microvessels in diabetic rats. STZ-induced diabetic rats were randomized into four groups and underwent I/R procedures. Cardiac barrier function and the region of cardiac microvascular lesion were examined. Cell monolayer barrier function was detected in cultured cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) subjected to simulated I/R (SI/R). PKC-beta siRNA was transfected into CMECs to silence PKC-beta. Apoptosis Index of CMECs was detected by TUNEL assay and phosphor-LIMK2 protein expression was examined by Western blot analysis. RBX and insulin administration significantly reduced the cardiac microvascular lesion region and Apoptosis Index of endothelial cells (all P < 0.05 vs. no-treatment group). RBX decreased phosphor-LIMK2 expression (P < 0.05 vs. no-treatment group). RBX pretreatment and transfection with PKC-beta siRNA induced a rapid barrier enhancement in CMECs monolayer as detected by increased transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) and decreased FITC-dextran clearance (all P < 0.05 vs. no-treatment group). Meanwhile, RBX pretreatment and transfection with PKC-beta siRNA significantly decreased TUNEL positive CMECs and phosphor-LIMK2 expression in cultured CMECs (all P < 0.05 vs. no-treatment group). RBX pretreatment reduced F-actin/G-actin in cultured CMECs, reproducing the same effect as PKC-beta siRNA. These data indicate that PKC-beta inhibitor (RBX) may be helpful in attenuating the risk of severe cardiac microvascular I/R injury in diabetic rats partly due to its maintenance of endothelial barrier function and anti-apoptotic effect.