BMC Infect Dis . 2012 Aug 6;12:177. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-177.

Short Hairpin RNA Targeting 2B Gene of Coxsackievirus B3 Exhibits Potential Antiviral Effects Both in Vitro and in Vivo

Hailan Yao  1 Yangde ZhangFeng HeCaihong WangZonghui XiaoJizhen ZouFang WangZhewei Liu

1 Molecular Immunology Laboratory, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, YaBao Road 2, Beijing, 100020, China.


Background: Coxsackievirus B3 is an important infectious agent of viral myocarditis, pancreatitis and aseptic meningitis, but there are no specific antiviral therapeutic reagents in clinical use. RNA interference-based technology has been developed to prevent the viral infection.

Methods: To evaluate the impact of RNA interference on viral replication, cytopathogenicity and animal survival, short hairpin RNAs targeting the viral 2B region (shRNA-2B) expressed by a recombinant vector (pGCL-2B) or a recombinant lentivirus (Lenti-2B) were tansfected in HeLa cells or transduced in mice infected with CVB3.

Results: ShRNA-2B exhibited a significant effect on inhibition of viral production in HeLa cells. Furthermore, shRNA-2B improved mouse survival rate, reduced the viral tissues titers and attenuated tissue damage compared with those of the shRNA-NC treated control group. Lenti-2B displayed more effective role in inhibition of viral replication than pGCL-2B in vivo.

Conclusions: Coxsackievirus B3 2B is an effective target of gene silencing against coxsackievirus B3 infection, suggesting that shRNA-2B is a potential agent for further development into a treatment for enterviral diseases.