Blocking of tripartite motif 8 protects against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury by regulating AMPKα activity
Li Xiaoli 1 , Zou Wujun 1 , Liu Jing 2
- 1 Department of Pediatrics, Ankang Central Hospital, No. 85, Jinzhou South Road, Hanbin District, Ankang, 725000, China.
- 2 Department of Laboratory, Ankang Central Hospital, No. 85, Jinzhou South Road, Hanbin District, Ankang, 725000, China. Electronic address: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Acute lung injury (ALI) and its more serious form, respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), are considered as an acute and severe inflammatory process existing in lungs, and still remain high mortality rates. Tripartite motif 8 (TRIM8) contains an N-terminal RING finger, which is followed by two B-boxes and a coiled-coil domain, belonging to the TRIM/RBCC family and playing significant role in meditating inflammation, oxidative stress and apoptosis. In the study, we investigated the role of TRIM8 in ALI induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the underlying molecular mechanisms. The in vitro results indicated that LPS time-dependently enhanced TRIM8 expression in lung epithelial cells. Suppressing TRIM8 markedly ameliorated LPS-elicited inflammatory response, as evidenced by the down-regulated mRNA levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in cells mainly through inactivating nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway; however, over-expressing TRIM8 markedly promoted inflammation in LPS-challenged cells. In addition, LPS-induced oxidative stress was accelerated by TRIM8 over-expression, while being alleviated by TRIM8 knockdown by regulating Nrf2 signaling. Importantly, TRIM8 could negatively meditate AMP-activated protein kinase-α (AMPKα) activation to modulate LPS-triggered inflammatory response and ROS generation in vitro. Additionally, our in vivo findings suggested that TRIM8 knockdown effectively attenuated LPS-induced lung injury nu decrease of lung wet/dry (W/T) ratio, protein concentrations, neutrophil infiltration, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and superoxide dismutase (SOD) depletion. Meanwhile, the loss of TRIM8 markedly lessened IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α expression in lung tissues of LPS-challenged mice, and reduced NF-κB phosphorylation. Furthermore, TRIM8 knockdown evidently improved nuclear factor-erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expressions in lung of LPS-treated mice. The anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant role of TRIM8-silence might be associated with AMPKα phosphorylation. Together, our study firstly provided a support that TRIM8 knockdown effectively protected LPS-induced ALI against inflammation and oxidative stress largely dependent on the promotion of AMPKα pathway.
Keywords: AMPKα; Acute lung injury (ALI); Inflammation; Oxidative stress; TRIM8.