Cell Tissue Res.2019 Oct;378(1):67-80.doi: 10.1007/s00441-019-03026-6.Epub 2019 May 18.

Interference of miR-943-3p with secreted frizzled-related proteins4 (SFRP4) in an asthma mouse model

Jian Shen  1 Jun Zhao  2 Qing-Yan Ye  2 Xi-Dong Gu  3 Affiliations

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the potential roles of miR-943-3p and its target gene secreted frizzled-related proteins4 (SFRP4) in allergic asthma and elucidate its underlying mechanism, which may prompt a new clue about developing novel treatments of this disease. An allergic asthma mouse model was generated by challenging with ovalbumin (OVA); lung pathological features of mice were viewed using H&E staining; thickness of subepithelial fibrosis and smooth muscle was measured using Masson’s trichrome staining. Inflammatory cells from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were counted based on Diff-Quik staining and morphometric analysis. Expressions of miR-943-3p, SFRP4 and Wnt signal pathway-associated proteins were detected using RT-PCR or immunoblotting, respectively. SFRP4 was downregulated in the bronchial biopsies of allergic asthma patients and represented a unique intersection between differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and genes in the Wnt signal pathway. Both miR-943-3p upregulation and SFRP4 downregulation were detected in allergic asthma patients and OVA-induced mice. Besides, OVA-induced mice possessed more inflammatory cells in BALF including macrophage (mac), eosinophil (eos), lymphocyte (lym) and neutrophil (neu), higher expression of collagen, β-catenin and c-Myc as well as thicker subepithelial fibrosis and smooth muscle in lung than control mice. In vivo delivery of miR-943-3p agomir worsened these symptoms, while both miR-943-3p antagomir and Ad-SFRP4 administration effectively alleviated this disease. Taken together, miR-943-3p accelerated the progression of airway inflammation and remodeling in allergic asthma via suppressing the activity of SFRP4 through Wnt signaling pathway in asthma patients and OVA-induced mice.

Keywords: Allergic asthma; SFRP4; Secreted protein; Wnt signaling pathway; miR-943-3p.

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