EBioMedicine.2019 Jun;44:439-451. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.05.041

MicroRNA-200b is downregulated and suppresses metastasis by targeting LAMA4 in renal cell carcinoma(microrna-200b与肾癌转移研究)

Yifan Li  1 Bao Guan  1 Jingtao Liu  2 Zhongyuan Zhang  1 Shiming He  1 Yonghao Zhan  1 Boxing Su  1 Haibo Han  3 Xiaochun Zhang  1 Boqing Wang  4 Xuesong Li  5 Liqun Zhou  6 Wei Zhao  7

  • 1 Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing 100034, China.
  • 2 Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Pharmacy Department, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China.
  • 3 Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Cell Biology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China.
  • 4 Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011, China.
  • 5 Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address: pineneedle@sina.com.
  • 6 Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital, Institute of Urology, Peking University, National Urological Cancer Center, Beijing 100034, China. Electronic address: zhoulqmail@sina.com.
  • 7 Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Cell Biology, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China. Electronic address: linelong@126.com.

Abstract

Background: Metastasis is the primary cause of tumor death in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Improved diagnostic markers of metastasis are critically needed for RCC. MicoRNAs are demonstrated to be stable and significant biomarkers for several malignancies. In this study, we aimed to explore the metastasis related microRNAs and its mechanism in RCC.

Methods: The relationship between microRNAs expression and prognosis and metastasis of RCC patients were explored by data mining through expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). A total of 80 RCC tissues and adjacent normal kidney tissues were obtained from Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital. Expression of microRNA-200b (miR-200b) in RCC tissues and cell lines were determined by bioinformatic data mining and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of miR-200b on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were determined by cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assay, wound healing assay and Boyden chamber assay. Mouse cell-derived xenograft and patient-derived xenograft model were also performed to evaluate the effects of miR-200b on tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. The molecular mechanism of miR-200b function was investigated using bioinformatic target predication and high-throughput cDNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and validated by luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, Western blot and immunostaining in vitro and in vivo.

Findings: Our findings indicates that miR-200b is frequently downregulated and have potential utility as a biomarker of metastasis and prognosis in RCC. Interestingly, ectopic expression of miR-200b in the Caki-1 and OSRC-2 cell lines suppresses cell migration and invasion in vitro as well as tumor metastases in vivo. However, miR-200b has no effect on cell proliferation in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. In addition, bioinformatics target predication and RNA-seq results reveals that Laminin subunit alpha 4 (LAMA4) is one target of miR-200b and significantly inhibited by miR-200b in vitro and in vivo.

Interpretation: These results demonstrate a previously undescribed role of miR-200b as a suppressor of tumor metastasis in RCC by directly destabilizing LAMA4 mRNA.

Keywords: LAMA4; Metastasis; MicroRNA-200b; Renal cell carcinoma.

在线客服
在线客服
0