ZLM-7 inhibits the occurrence and angiogenesis of breast cancer through miR-212-3p/Sp1/VEGFA signal axis
Free PMC article
Background: Breast cancer (BC) is a common malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Angiogenesis is related to the growth and progression of solid tumors and associated with prognosis. ZLM-7, SP1, VEGFA and miR-212-3p were associated with BC angiogenesis and proliferation, however the detailed mechanism was not clear. This study aimed to reveal the regulatory mechanism of angiogenesis of BC.
Methods: BC cell lines were treated with 10 nM ZLM-7 for 8 h. We detected protein expression level by western blot and RNA expression level by qRT-PCR. Overexpression or inhibition of miR-212-3p is performed using miR-212-3p mimics or miR-212-3p inhibitor, Sp1 overexpression using pcDNA3.1 vector. Angiogenesis was analyzed by co-culturing BC cell lines and HUVEC cells. To evaluate regulatory relationship between miR-212-3p and Sp1, dual luciferase assay was performed. Besides, the direct interaction between Sp1 and VEGFA was analyzed by ChIP. Migration and invasion were analyzed by transwell assay and proliferation was detected by clone formation assay. In mice xenograft model developed using BC cells, we also detected angiogenesis marker CD31 through immunohistochemistry.
Results: ZLM-7 up-regulated miR-212-3p and inhibited invasion, migration, proliferation and angiogenesis of BC, while miR-212-3p inhibitor antagonized such effects. Binding sequence was revealed between miR-212-3p and Sp1, and expression of Sp1 was inhibited by miR-212-3p on both protein and mRNA level. Sp1 could interact with VEGFA and promoted its expression. Overexpression of miR-212-3p inhibited migration, invasion, proliferation and angiogenesis of BC cell lines, while Sp1 overexpression showed the opposite effect and could antagonize these effects of miR-212-3p overexpression. ZLM-7 decreased VEGFA expression, which was rescued by co-transfection with miR-212-3p inhibitor. Similar, ZLM-7 could inhibit tumor growth and angiogenesis through the miR-212-3p/Sp1/VEGFA axis in vivo.
Conclusions: ZLM-7 could directly up-regulate miR-212-3p in BC. MiR-212-3p could inhibit VEGFA expression through Sp1, thereby inhibiting angiogenesis and progression of BC.
Keywords: Breast cancer; Sp1; VEGFA; ZLM-7; miR-212-3p.