Neuroscience.2020 May 1;433:212-220.doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2020.03.013.Epub 2020 Mar 17.

CXCR5 Knockdown Attenuates Hippocampal Neurogenesis Deficits and Cognitive Impairment in a Mouse Model of Sepsis-associated Encephalopathy

Yanan Shen  1 Ling Jing  2 Yuan Zhang  1 Hongguang Bao  1 Akbar Vohra  3 Yanna Si  4 Cailong Pan  1 Yan Xing  5 Affiliations


In this study, we investigated the potential role of C-X-C chemokine receptor type (CXCR) 5 in neurocognitive function in a mouse model of sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE). Adult male C57BL/6J mice received intracerebroventricular injections of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against CXCR5 or scrambled control siRNA. After 3 days, SAE was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP, n = 16 per group). Memory and learning ability were tested using the Morris water maze (MWM) on days 5-9 after CLP. Hippocampal expression of CXCR5, interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 were measured by western blot. Cell proliferation and the numbers of immature and mature neurons in the dentate gyrus were assessed by immunohistochemistry. CLP mice had deficits in memory and learning, as shown by increased latency in the MWM training sessions and decreased time spent in and crossing the target quadrant on day 9. CLP also increased the number of proliferating and immature neurons and decreased the number of mature neurons. This was accompanied by increased expression of CXCR5, IL-1β and IL-6 in the hippocampus. CXCR5 knockdown attenuated the memory and learning deficits induced by CLP and partially reversed the effects of CLP on numbers of proliferating, immature and mature neurons, and on expression of IL-1β and IL-6 in the hippocampus. These results suggest that CXCR5 knockdown can attenuate sepsis-induced deficits in hippocampal neurogenesis and cognitive function in mice with SAE.

Keywords: CXCR5; cognitive dysfunction; dentate gyrus; hippocampal neurogenesis; sepsis-associated encephalopathy.