Inflammation. 2021 Feb;44(1):217-228.doi: 10.1007/s10753-020-01323-9.

miR-30c-5p Alleviated Pyroptosis During Sepsis-Induced Acute Kidney Injury via Targeting TXNIP

Xiang Li  1 Linya Yao  2 Xueming Zeng  2 Bing Hu  2 Xi Zhang  2 Jun Wang  2 Runyu Zhu  2 Qiwei Yu  2 Affiliations

Free PMC article


Sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (SAKI) is a common complication of hospitalized patients, often leading to unacceptable mortality. Limited effective treatment or diagnosis biomarkers are available and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The miR-30c-5p is considered as a critical mediator of kidney diseases and aberrantly decreased in patients with SAKI, while the mechanism is still unclear. For this purpose, the role of miR-30c-5p in SAKI has been investigated in this study. Here, we first confirmed that miR-30c-5p expression decreased in our septic models and was associated with the activation of NLRP3/caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis. Overexpression of miR-30c-5p alleviated the kidney injury via suppressing HK-2 cell pyroptosis. Furthermore, we identified that TXNIP was a direct target of miR-30c-5p. Upregulation of miR-30c-5p repressed the expression of TXNIP, which inhibited NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1 expression, as well as secretion of inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, our data suggested that miR-30c-5p negatively controlled the NLRP3 signal pathway-related pyroptosis and sepsis-induced injury via TXNIP, indicating that this axis might be a positive therapeutic target for the patient with SAKI.

Keywords: TXNIP; miR-30c-5p; pyroptosis; sepsis-induced acute kidney injury.