Overexpression of lncRNA TUG1 Alleviates NLRP3 Inflammasome-Mediated Cardiomyocyte Pyroptosis Through Targeting the miR-186-5p/XIAP Axis in Coronary Microembolization-Induced Myocardial Damage
Coronary microembolization (CME) is a complicated problem that commonly arises in the context of coronary angioplasty. The lncRNA taurine-up regulated gene 1 (TUG1), significantly contributes to cardiovascular diseases; however, its contribution to CME-induced myocardial damage remains elusive. Herein, we establish the rat CME model and investigate the role of TUG1 in CME. The cell viability was evaluated via CCK-8 assay. Serum and cell culture supernatant samples were evaluated via ELISA. The dual luciferase reporter (DLR) assay, RIP, and RNA-pull down were conducted to validate the associations between TUG1 and miR-186-5p as well as miR-186-5p and XIAP. The expression of TUG1, miR-186-5p, and XIAP mRNA were determined by RT-qPCR, and proteins were evaluated via immuneblotting. As a result, TUG1 and XIAP were significantly down-regulated, and the miR-186-5p level was found to be remarkably up-regulated in CME myocardial tissues. Overexpression of TUG1 alleviated CME-induced myocardial injury and pyroptosis, whereas TUG1 knockdown showed the opposite effects. The DLR assay, RIP, and RNA-pull down results reveal that TUG1 directly targets miR-186-5p and miR-186-5p directly targets XIAP. In vitro rescue experiments show that TUG1 overexpression alleviates LPS-caused cardiomyocyte injury and pyroptosis via sponging miR-186-5p and regulating XIAP, and depression of miR-186-5p reduces LPS-induced cardiomyocyte injury and pyroptosis by targeting XIAP. Concludingly, the overexpression of TUG1 alleviates NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated cardiomyocyte pyroptosis through targeting the miR-186-5p/XIAP axis in CME-induced myocardial injury.
Keywords: NLRP3 inflammasome; XIAP; coronary microembolization; lncRNA TUG1; miR-186-5p; pyroptosis.