Inflammation.2021 Aug;44(4):1581-1591.doi: 10.1007/s10753-021-01443-w.Epub 2021 Mar 2.

MiR-23a Is Involved in Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Directly Targeting CX43 and Regulating Mitophagy

Lina Wang  1 Qing Li  1 Jiayu Diao  1 Lin Lin  1 Jin Wei  2 Affiliations


Activation of CX43 signaling protects myocardial cells from myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are well known to play important roles in the progression of diverse diseases. Here, we first confirmed the expression profile of CX43 in rat heart tissues with I/R injury. Then, microRNAs (miRNAs) that target CX43 were predicted using miRDB, miRWalk, and TargetScan. The candidate miR-23a was selected, and its expression level in I/R samples was investigated. To determine the role of miR-23a, rat primary myocardial cells were transfected with miR-23a mimics after they were subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Transfection of miR-23a mimics stimulated mitophagy through the PINK1/Parkin pathway and downregulated the protein level of CX43. Treatment of miR-23a-transfected cells with NF-kB inhibitors completely abolished miR-23a-mediated mitophagy after H/R. Moreover, miR-23a transfection significantly suppressed CX43 expression and enhanced mitophagy in the model heart in vivo. Therefore, miR-23a plays a detrimental role in myocardial I/R injury by enhancing mitophagy and inhibiting CX43 mRNA.

Keywords: acute myocardial infarction; ischemia/reperfusion; miR-23a; mitophagy; transfection CX43.