Nondegradable ubiquitinated ATG9A organizes Golgi integrity and dynamics upon stresses
Qian Luo 1, Qiangqiang Liu 1, Hongcheng Cheng 1, Jiale Wang 1, Tian Zhao 1, Jiaojiao Zhang 1, Chenglong Mu 1, Yuanyuan Meng 1, Linbo Chen 1, Changqian Zhou 1, Hong Lei 1, Jianyu Yang 2, Guo Chen 1, Yanjun Li 1, Leiting Pan 2, Quan Chen 3, Yushan Zhu 4
- PMID: 35977480
- DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111195
ATG9A is a highly conserved membrane protein required for autophagy initiation. It is trafficked from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the phagophore to act as a membrane source for autophagosome expansion. Here, we show that ATG9A is not just a passenger protein in the TGN but rather works in concert with GRASP55, a stacking factor for Golgi structure, to organize Golgi dynamics and integrity. Upon heat stress, the E3 ubiquitin ligase MARCH9 is promoted to ubiquitinate ATG9A in the form of K63 conjugation, and the nondegradable ubiquitinated ATG9A disperses from the Golgi apparatus to the cytoplasm more intensely, accompanied by inhibiting GRASP55 oligomerization, further resulting in Golgi fragmentation. Knockout of ATG9A or MARCH9 largely prevents Golgi fragmentation and protects Golgi functions under heat and other Golgi stresses. Our results reveal a noncanonical function of ATG9A for Golgi dynamics and suggest the pathway for sensing Golgi stress via the MARCH9/ATG9A axis.
Keywords: ATG9A; CP: Molecular biology; Golgi dynamics; Golgi stress response; ubiquitination.