Methyltransferase-like 3 leads to lung injury by up-regulation of interleukin 24 through N6-methyladenosine-dependent mRNA stability and translation efficiency in mice exposed to fine particulate matter 2.5
Fine particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) exposure leads to the progress of pulmonary disease. It has been reported that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification was involved in various biological processes and diseases. However, the critical role of m6A modification in pulmonary disease during PM2.5 exposure remains elusive. Here, we revealed that lung inflammation and mucus production caused by PM2.5 were associated with m6A modification. Both in vivo and in vitro assays demonstrated that PM2.5 exposure elevated the total level of m6A modification as well as the methyltransferase like 3 (METTL3) expression. Integration analysis of m6A RNA immunoprecipitation-seq (meRIP-seq) and RNA-seq discovered that METTL3 up-regulated the expression level and the m6A modification of Interleukin 24 (IL24). Importantly, we explored that the stability of IL24 mRNA was enhanced due to the increased m6A modification. Moreover, the data from qRT-PCR showed that PM2.5 also increased YTH N6-Methyladenosine RNA Binding Protein 1 (YTHDF1) expression, and the up-regulated YTHDF1 augmented IL24 mRNA translation efficiency. Down-regulation of Mettl3 reduced Il24 expression and ameliorated the pulmonary inflammation and mucus secretion in mice exposed to PM2.5. Taken together, our finding provided a comprehensive insight for revealing the significant role of m6A regulators in the lung injury via METTL3/YTHDF1-coupled epitranscriptomal regulation of IL24.
Keywords: Epigenetics; IL24; Lung injury; METTL3; PM2.5; YTHDF1.