HDAC3 Impairs Cardiac Function in Chronic Heart Failure Rats via Mediating MicroRNA-26b-3p to Target High Mobility Group AT-Hook 2
Background: Histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) has been studied in chronic heart failure (CHF), while the regulatory mechanism of HDAC3 on the development of CHF in regulating microRNA (miR)-26b-3p/high mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) axis has not been extensively investigated. This study aimed to probe the effects of HDAC3, miR-26b-3p and HMGA2 on CHF.
Methods: CHF rat models were established using aortic coarctation. HDAC3, miR-26b-3p and HMGA2 levels in CHF rats were examined. Thereafter, the CHF rats were injected with relative oligonucleotides and plasmids of HDAC3, miR-26b-3p and HMGA2 to detect the cardiac function, inflammatory reaction, myocardial tissue pathological changes, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. The binding relationship between miR-26b-3p and HMGA2 and the interaction between HDAC3 and miR-26b-3p were validated.
Results: HDAC3 and HMGA2 were elevated, while miR-26b-3p was decreased in CHF rats. The reduced HDAC3 or HMGA2 or enriched miR-26b-3p attenuated cardiac dysfunction, inflammatory reaction, myocardial tissue pathological changes and cardiomyocyte apoptosis in CHF rats, while the reduction of miR-26b-3p exerted the opposite effects. Furthermore, the inhibition of the miR-26b-3p or elevation of HMGA2 reversed the effect of reduced HDAC3 on mitigating CHF progression. Mechanically, miR-26b-3p targeted HMGA2 and HDAC3 bound to miR-26-3p.
Conclusion: Downregulation of HDAC3 relieves cardiac function in CHF rats via mediating miR-26b-3p/HMGA2 axis. This study provides novel theory references and a distinct direction for the therapy strategies of CHF.
Keywords: Chronic heart failure; cardiac function; fibrosis; high mobility group AT-hook 2; histone deacetylase 3; microRNA-26b-3p.