Characteristics of plasma exosomes in drug-resistant tuberculosis patients
Background: Increasing prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) poses a major challenge to the early detection and effective control of tuberculosis (TB). Exosomes carrying proteins and nucleic acid mediate intercellular communication between host and pathogen including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, molecular events of exosomes indicating the status and development of DR-TB remain unknown. This study determined the proteomics of exosome in DR-TB and explored the potential pathogenesis of DR-TB.
Methods: Plasma samples were collected from 17 DR-TB patients and 33 non-drug-resistant tuberculosis (NDR-TB) patients using grouped case-control study design. After exosomes of plasma were isolated and confirmed by compositional and morphological measurement for exosomal characteristics, a label-free quantitative proteomics of exosomes was performed and differential protein components were determined via bioinformatics analysis.
Results: Compared with the NDR-TB group, we identified 16 up-regulated proteins and 10 down-regulated proteins in the DR-TB group. The down-regulated proteins were mainly apolipoproteins and mainly enriched in cholesterol metabolism-related pathways. Apolipoproteins family including APOA1, APOB, APOC1 were key proteins in protein-protein interaction network.
Conclusion: Differentially expressed proteins in the exosomes may indicate the status of DR-TB from NDR-TB. Apolipoproteins family including APOA1, APOB, APOC1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of DR-TB by regulating cholesterol metabolism via exosomes.
Keywords: Apolipoproteins; Drug-resistant tuberculosis; Plasma exosome; Proteomics.