SNHG16/miR-205/HDAC5 is involved in the progression of renal fibrosis
Renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) represents an irreversible and progressive pathological manifestation of chronic renal disease, which ultimately leads to end-stage renal disease. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been suggested to be involved in the progression of RIF. Small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16), a member of lncRNAs, has been found to be involved in the progression of pulmonary fibrosis. This paper first researched the effect of SNHG16 on renal fibrosis. We established a unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)-induced mouse RIF model by ligation of the left ureter to evaluate the biological function of SNHG16 in RIF. As a result, SNHG16 was upregulated in UUO-induced renal fibrotic tissues. Knockdown of SNHG16 inhibited RIF and reduced alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), fibronectin, and college IV expression. miR-205 was a target of SNHG16, and downregulated in UUO-induced renal fibrotic tissues. Inhibition of miR-205 promoted RIF and increased the expression of α-SMA, college IV, and fibronectin. Overexpression of SNHG16 promoted the UUO-induced RIF, but miR-205 abrogated this effect of SNHG16. Histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) showed high expression in UUO-induced renal fibrotic tissues. Knockdown of HDAC5 significantly reduced α-SMA, fibronectin, and college IV expression in renal tissues of UUO-induced mice. Inhibition of miR-205 promoted HDAC5 expression, but knockdown of SNHG16 inhibited HDAC5 expression in renal tissues of UUO-induced mice. In conclusion, SHNG16 is highly expressed in renal fibrotic tissues of UUO-induced mice. Knockdown of SHNG16 may prevent UUO-induced RIF by indirectly upregulating HDAC5 via targeting miR-205. SHNG16 may be novel target for treating renal fibrosis.
Keywords: HDAC5; Renal fibrosis; SNHG16; UUO; lncRNA; miR-205.